Hotbit AMA 10.10.2019 - transcript

Q1:
我们很多用户不太了解尔格,可以详细介绍下 尔格是什么么?
Many of our users don’t know Ergo, could you tell us what is Ergo?

A1.
尔格是一个具备高适应力的合约币平台。它被设计为一个主要侧重于通过提供一种有效,安全和简便的方式来执行金融合约,从而开发相关应用的平台。
为实现这一目标,尔格对现有区块链解决方案进行了各种技术和经济上的改进。 尔格中的每个代币都受到一个尔格脚本程序的保护,尔格脚本程序是一种基于Σ-协议的强大且协议友好的脚本语言。
Known as a highly resilient platform for contractual money, Ergo is designed for developing decentralized applications with the main focus of providing an efficient, secure and easy way to implement financial contracts. To achieve this goal, Ergo includes various technical and economic improvements to existing blockchain solutions. Still, Ergo is a conservative Proof-of-Work blockchain with very understandable security. Ergo native token has limited supply, thus it is good digital gold (like Bitcoin).

Q2:
就当前来说,对于尔格的核心开发者们最首要的任务是什么?
What are top priorities right now for Ergo core developers?

A2: 让尔格在更多的交易所上市。让尔格币被更多第三方钱包支持。为尔格用户们打造一个更加便捷的用户界面及内置钱包。尔格目前虽然有原生钱包,但现在它的用户友好程度不是很高,所以我们正在完善用户界面。另外,大家可以使用Magnum钱包,它的用户友好程度非常高。同时,我们还正在尽力争取与Trezor 和/或者Ledger Nano 的对接。如果对接成功我们会及时发布公告。
Getting ERG listed on more exchanges. Getting ERG integrated with more 3rd party Wallets. Building a more convenient user interface with the Ergo client and built in wallet.
Ergo native wallet is currently not very user friendly so we are working on UI. Also, there is Magnum wallet which is very user friendly. Also we hope to get wallet integration done for Trezor and/or Ledger Nano as soon as possible. Will announce when happens.

Q3:
2019年7月1号尔格上线了主网,它的发行计划,时间安排及总量是什么呢?今后会有变动吗?
Ergo mainnet launched on July 1st, 2019. What is the Ergo token emission schedule and total monetary base? Can it be changed?

A3:
尔格的原生代币称为尔格币(代码ERG),尔格遵循最去中心化的发行方式,在一开始,尔格将从零代币总量开始,逐渐在尔格主网逐步完善的前八年内,通过经过多次测试尝试的PoW挖矿方式生成所有代币。尔格没有ICO计划。尔格对其代币设置了严格的供应量限制,8年的发行计划、以及这8年中不断下降的的发行率。所有尔格币都通过其原创的,被称为奥托吕科斯(Autolykos)的算法来进行挖掘,这种算法可以抵御ASIC芯片挖矿和矿池挖矿行为。因此,在主网刚刚上线时,并没有任何尔格代币产生,因为没有ICO,也没有预挖矿。在8年发行计划结束时,最终的尔格币供应量将是97,739,925个尔格币,尔格币不会有额外的通货膨胀,而且尔格币供应量将始终保持不变。更多详情请查阅“尔格发行计划”博客文件:https://ergoplatform.org/cn/blog/2019_05_20-curve/

Ergo’s native token is called ERG. Ergo has a strictly limited supply, an 8‐year emission schedule and a declining rate of emission over these 8 years. All tokens are mined through an original Asic and Pool‐resistant Proof‐of‐Work (“PoW”) algorithm called Autolykos. Therefore, there are 0 Ergs in existence at launch of mainnet as there was no ICO nor pre‐mine. At the end of 8 years, the final Erg supply will be 97,739,925 Ergs. There will be no additional inflation and the Erg monetary base will remain fixed.
See this blog post “The Ergo Emission Schedule” for more detail: https://ergoplatform.org/en/blog/2019_05_20-curve/

Q4. 刚刚有提到Ergo 主网上线8年后发行计划结束,那么所有的币都挖完了,到那时怎么奖励挖矿者呢?
Eight years after Ergo’s mainnet launches, emission will be finished and all ERG will have been mined. What will incentivize miners to mine?

A4. 尔格设定了一种持币租金机制。如果一个未花费的交易输出在该状态下保持4年不变,矿工可以对该状态下保留的每个字节信息收取少量费用。这种类似于常规云存储服务的想法最近才被提出用于加密货币。有关更多详情请查阅“尔格发行计划”博客文件:https://ergoplatform.org/cn/blog/2019_05_20-curve/
Ergo has a storage rent component: if an output remains in the state for 4years without being moved, a miner may charge a small fee for every byte kept in the state of the blockchain. This idea, which is similar to regular cloud storage services, was only proposed quite recently for cryptocurrencies. See this blog post “The Ergo Emission Schedule” for more detail: https://ergoplatform.org/en/blog/2019_05_20-curve/

Q5:
为什么尔格有他自己的智能合约语言?
Why does Ergo have its own smart contract language?

A5:
编程语言的设计空间非常广泛,从通用语言,如C语言,Java,Python,到具有特定用途的语言,如SQL,HTML,CSS等,但是,它们都不是为合约货币应用而设计的。
尔格的脚本是为实现多个属性而特别设计的。它仅包含确定性操作,从而能够维持网络中的共识。为了防止可能的垃圾邮件攻击,尔格脚本支持提前成本估算,排除了可能的无限循环等各种操作。但即使加上了所有这些限制,尔格脚本也足够灵活到能够执行复杂的智能合约,包括以安全的方式执行图灵完整的智能合约。
The design space of programming languages is very broad ranging from general-purpose languages like C, Java, Python up to specialized languages like SQL, HTML, CSS, however, none of them was designed for the Contractual Money application.
ErgoScript was designed to achieve several properties. It only contains deterministic operations to maintain consensus in the network. To prevent possible spam attacks ErgoScript supports ahead-of-time cost estimation, excluding a wide range of operations like possibly infinite loops. But even keeping all these limitations in mind, ErgoScript is expressive enough to implement complex smart contracts, including Turing-complete smart contracts but in a secure manner.

Q6:
是什么让尔格智能合约如此特别?为什么你们不用以太坊或者比特币的合约呢?
What makes Ergo smart contracts special? Why not just use Ethereum or Bitcoin?

A6:
自从2016年的Dao事件以来,由于许多次黑客攻击事件以及众多造成重大影响的故障,以太坊已经被证明是不安全的。比特币相对安全,但是它采用一种功能有限的脚本语言。对于尔格来说,我们相信,由于尔格脚本功能广泛,且至少像比特币区块链一样安全和去中心化(我们希望它能够比比特币区块链更加安全和去中心化),对于能够在以太坊上面运行的大约95%或更多的应用来说,它们也同时能在尔格区块链上运行
Ethereum has been proven insecure with many hacks and high profile failures going back to the Dao in 2016. Bitcoin while secure has a scripting language with limited functionality. With Ergo, we believe its possible to do roughly 95% or more of the applications you can do on Ethereum due to Ergo scripts expansive functionality but in a manner AT LEAST as secure and decentralized as Bitcoin but hopefully more so.

Q7:
尔格是否能够支持闪电网络及支付渠道?
Can Ergo support lightning network and payment channels?

A7:是的,当然。至少像比特币支持闪电网络那样具有同等功能性,但是具体应用中应该 比比特币功能性更强,因为我们相信,就像在彩虹台那样,代币化的法币或者其他非尔格代币也可以在闪电网络中使用。
Yes, absolutely. At least as much functionality as Bitcoin for lightning but should be more in practice as we believe Rainbow Channels where tokenized fiat or other non-Erg tokens can also be used in lightning.

Q8:
上面有提到尔格基于奥托吕科斯工作量证明算法,那么该如何挖尔格?
The above mentioned Ergo is based on Autolykos PoW puzzle,then how to mine Ergo?

A8:
奥托吕科斯工作量证明算法,这是第一个具有内存困难和抵御矿池挖矿性能的工作量证明算法。这意味着您需要一个正确配置好的尔格节点和具有至少7Gb内存的GPU。
详情请参阅《https://ergoplatform.org/cn/faq/》然后点开第4个问题“如何挖掘尔格?”。我们估计目前有超过5万台高端GPU设备在挖尔格币。
Ergo is based on Autolykos PoW puzzle, that is the first PoW puzzle that is memory-hard and pool-resistant. This means that you need a configured Ergo node and GPU with at least 7 Gb of memory. Refer to Ergo website FAQ https://ergoplatform.org/en/faq/ 4th question “How to mine Ergo?” We estimate that currently there are more than 50,000 high end GPUs mining Ergo.

Q9:
矿工们应该如何找到尔格矿池?
How to find Ergo mining pools?

A9:
在其创立时,尔格的宗旨是为了通过去中心化实现最强的适应力及灵活性。只要不允许矿池参与挖矿,奥托吕科斯共识协议在尔格网络的去中心化进程中就起到了重要作用。详情请参阅奥托吕科斯协议说明 https://docs.ergoplatform.com/ErgoPow.pdf
Ergo was created with the idea to achieve maximum resiliency through decentralization. Autolykos consensus protocol plays an important role in the network’s decentralization, as far as it does not allow centralized mining pools. Check Autolykos specification for more details: https://docs.ergoplatform.com/ErgoPow.pdf

Q10:
矿工们挖矿需要一直运行或者保存尔格区块链吗?如果不需要的话,那么让大家保存区块的动力又是什么呢?
Do miners have to keep the blockchain to mine? If not, what incentivizes anyone to store the blocks?

A10:
不,他们不需要。尔格区块链使用一种创新型的登陆状态方式,所以矿工们无需保存区块链就可以确认交易。然而,包括矿工在内的多方群体在某些情况下可能会需要保存区块链。第一种情况是出于无私奉献的原因;第二种情况是出于区块链分析的原因;第三种情况是某些智能合约可能需要涉及到数据。
A: No, they don’t. Ergo uses an innovative new method of authenticated state so miners can verify transactions without storing the blockchain. However, various parties including miners are likely to store the blockchain in some number for 1) alturistic reasons; 2) for blockchain analysis reasons; 3) possibly some smart contracts may need to refer to data.

Q11:
尔格的区块间隔为几分钟?尔格对区块大小有作出限制么?
What is the Ergo block interval ?Does Ergo have a block size limit?

A11:
尔格的区块间隔为2分钟。详情请参阅“尔格发行计划”博客文件:https://ergoplatform.org/cn/blog/2019_05_20-curve/
从主网启动到现在为止,尔格区块的最大大小限于524 KB。 不过,在尔格系统中,像区块最大大小这样的参数可以通过矿工投票进行随时更改。在每个1024区块投票周期的开始,任何一个矿工最多可以提出改变2个参数(例如扩大区块最大大小和存储费用因素的减少)。然后在该投票周期的剩余时间内,矿工们参与投票来决定是批准这项提议还是拒绝这项提议。如果该周期内的大多数投票支持更改参数,则新参数值将被写入下一个周期的第一个区块的扩展部分,并且尔格网络将开始使用这一个新参数值进行区块挖矿和验证。
The Ergo block interval is 2.
See this blog post “The Ergo Emission Schedule” for more detail: https://ergoplatform.org/en/blog/2019_05_20-curve/
At mainnet launch and now, Ergo’s block size is limited at 524 KB. However, in Ergo, parameters like block size can be changed on-the-fly via voting of miners. At the beginning of each 1024-block voting epoch, a miner proposes changes of up to 2 parameters (such as an increase of block size and a decrease of storage fee factor). During the rest epoch, miners vote to approve or reject the changes. If a majority of votes within the epoch support the change, the new values are written into the extension section of the first block of the next epoch, and the network starts using the updated values for block mining and validation.

Q12:
感谢您的耐心解答,让我们来问最后一个问题。
尔格金库是什么?尔格金库,创始团队,投资者们等等各自拥有多少尔格币份额?
Thank you for your patience, let us ask the last question.
What is the Ergo Treasury? How many ERGs go to the treasury, founders, investors, etc?

A12:
为了资助开发,尔格已经建立了一个金库,它将获得尔格币总发行量的4.43%。应该注意的是进入金库的尔格币总数仅为4,330,791.5,占总货币金额的4.43%,并且这个过程将会在在短短2年半内完成。与ZCash的金库相比,ZCash的金库拥有Zcash总货币金额的10%,也就是前4年所有ZCash币发行量的20%。
To fund development, Ergo has in place a Treasury which will receive 4.43% of the Ergs released during emission. It should be noted that the amount of Ergs going to the Treasury comprise a total of only 4,330,791.5, or 4.43% of the total monetary base, and is completed in just 2.5 years. This compares with ZCash’s Treasury, which was 10% of the ZCash total monetary base and 20% of all issued ZCash coins during the first 4 years.

如果你想要对尔格有更多了解可以
关注尔格微博:尔格Ergo区块链平台官博;https://weibo.com/6821277977
关注尔格微信公众号: 尔格区块链平台;ergoplatformorg

入尔格微信群先加:

挂尔格币(ERG)的交易所:https://ergoplatform.org/cn/exchanges/
尔格网站(中文版):https://ergoplatform.org/cn
尔格电报(中文):t.me/ergoplatform_CH
尔格矿工电报(英文):t.me/ergo_mining
维基:https://github.com/ergoplatform/ergo/wiki
Github:https://github.com/ergoplatform/erg

From which channels can I obtain more detailed information about Ergo?
Telegram: https://t.me/ergoplatform
Twitter: https://twitter.com/ergoplatformorg
Website: https://ergoplatform.org/
Wiki: https://github.com/ergoplatform/ergo/wiki
Github: https://github.com/ergoplatform/ergo
Documents: http://docs.ergoplatform.com

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